Anne Frank was a Jewish teenage girl, who, along with her family and a few friends, was forced to go into hiding between June 1942 and August 1944 during the Nazi persecution at the time of World War II. Of those who were in hiding, only Anne's father Otto had survived the concentration camps and sought to have Anne's diary published.
Between 1939 and 1945, Adolph Hitler's rise in Germany added fuel to the already harsh conditions and economic struggles Germany was facing. Hitler's regime, the Third Reich, sought to eliminate specific groups of people, including the Jews and Gypsies. Many concentration camps and death camps were constructed for this purpose. Many of the death camps, including Auschwitz in Poland, had crematoriums and gas chambers.
Anne received a diary for her 13th birthday, just prior to going into hiding with her family. She named her diary "Kitty." Anne made a few entries in the diary prior to going into hiding. She describes her childhood, how she was born in Frankfurt, Germany, and what it was like growing up in Holland in 1942. During the two years she and her family were in hiding, Anne filled Kitty's pages with her thoughts and feelings about what it was like living in Nazi-occupied Holland, including what it was like after the family went into hiding. In fact, Anne's father had taken the family from Germany in hopes of escaping the persecution.
Once Anne and her family and friend had gone into hiding, Anne continued to write in the pages of her diary. Often, she detailed her feelings about the people she knew being taken away to the concentration camps. Anne's family, along with the Van Daan family, lived in the Secret Annex -- a set of hidden rooms at the top of a warehouse in Amsterdam, Holland. These rooms were concealed with a door and a bookcase. Only a handful of people knew Anne, her family and the Van Daan's were in hiding -- Mr. Kraler (a Dutch businessman who was an associate of Anne's father), Mr. Koophuis (another Dutch businessman and former associate of Anne's father), Miep (a woman who worked in the office below the annex) and Elli (a typist who also worked in the office below the annex).
Throughout the entire diary, Anne chronicles her feelings about the air raids, about living in close quarters with the others and her growing feelings for Peter, the Van Daan's son. In several of her entries, Anne wrote of her overwhelming frustration, which led to crying herself to sleep on many occasions. She wrote several times regarding a book she read in puberty and described how she longed to have her period. Additionally, many of Anne's entries also focused on how she felt her mother was very critical of her and how Anne felt her mother wasn't a very good mother. By the time of her last entry on August 1, 1944, Anne had noticeably become a different person than when she first began to write in the diary. She viewed herself and the people around her differently. In those two years, she also continued to read whatever book she could get her hands on. She developed a better sense of who she was and eventually came to grips with the fact that the little group in hiding would eventually be discovered.
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