Egypt has many sightseeing adventures to offer anyone venturing to this modern country with an incredible historic past. While the Egyptian pyramids are most certainly a reason that many tourists visit Egypt, there are many other sights to see and many other attractions Egypt offers. Egypt has four main cities that tend to be most tourist-friendly: Alexandria, Cairo, Luxor and Aswan. All of these cities offer many attractions for sightseers, including the pyramids, ancient ruins and more modern attractions.
Egypt's history covers more than 5,000 years, and the pyramids are at the heart of that history, making them a huge attraction for tourists and natives alike. The pyramids of Giza are the most famous, but other pyramids are spread throughout Egypt. The Giza pyramids bring an estimated 9 million visitors annually. One of the biggest appeals of visiting the pyramids (other than just the breathtaking size and beauty) is the mystery of how they were built in the first place. Why they were built seems clearer since many serve as tombs for Pharaohs and other ancient Egyptian dignitaries. When visiting Egypt's pyramids, you can go on your own or as a part of a group. No matter how you decide to visit them, the pyramids should be a part of any visit to Egypt.
The Nile River is famously known as the longest river in the world. It was a source of life for many villages located along the water throughout ancient Egypt. There are several ways to see the Nile, including a Nile cruise, which can last various amounts of time, usually around four to eight days, but some day cruises are also available. Taking a Nile cruise will acquaint you with the history of the Nile and allow you to see various monuments and attractions along the river. The Nile flows through or by the four major Egyptian cities of Alexandria, Cairo, Luxor and Aswan. The Nile is at its most beautiful in Answan, the third largest city in Egypt.
The city of Alexandria, founded by Alexander the Great in the year 331 B.C.E., is the second largest city in Egypt today and is known as "The Pearl of the Mediterranean." There are many Greek monuments throughout the city. Alexandria contains the Greco-Roman Museum, The Corniche, The Mahmudiya Canal and the Muntaza Gardens and Palace. The Greco-Roman Museum has 27 halls of exhibits and a large garden. Most items in the museum are from the surrounding area, and the museum includes various forms of art. The Mahmudiya Canal lies in a more modern part of Alexandria that contains mostly working-class families. This part of the city also offers a few art museums and gardens. One sight to see in Alexandria is the Anfushi Tombs, some of the oldest tombs in the city.
Cairo, the capital of Egypt, has a history dating back over 2,000 years ago. Most visitors to Egypt will visit or at least fly into Cairo. Cairo has many sights to offer, including mosques, the Nile, museums and pyramids. The city also has golf and tennis resorts, some of which are located within view of ancient pyramids, creating a combination of the ancient and the modern. The Giza pyramids and the Sphinx lie nearby. Another Cairo sightseeing destination is the Citadel, a castle built in the 12th century. Other possibilities include the Mohammed Mosque and Khan el-Khalili Bazaar.
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