Pablo Picasso once said that "an artist works of necessity, that he himself is only an insignificant part of the world." However, the artist made a significant contribution to the history of art, which goes beyond being the founder of cubism in painting. Picasso experimented in several styles, media and materials. During his 92 years, he created an overwhelming number of artworks, over 22,000.
Early Paintings of Picasso
Before he adopted the cubist style, Picasso went through a "Blue and a Rose" period. The "Blue" period was represented by works such as "La Vie" and "Woman With Crow." The pinks and reds are dominant in the paintings from his "Rose" period including "Circus Acrobats and Ape" and "Girl with Fan." "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon" was painted in 1907 and announced the cubist movement and revolutionized art. The artist abandoned the rules of representation and form in painting and created his own style. Other cubist works include "Landscape with Bridge," "Still Life with Chair Cane" and "Guitar, Sheet Music and Glass." Picasso's cubist period ended in 1915, but his later works such as "Guernica" or "Femme en pleurs" still have some cubist elements.
Later Works of Picasso
After the cubist period and the first World War, Picasso adopted a neoclassical style, represented in paintings such as "Mother and Child on the Seashore" from 1921 and "The Lovers" from 1923. However, this was not the end of Picasso's painting career, because he started to experiment again with cubist elements and more colors, developing his unique style, visible in his later works such as "Dream" and "Girl Before a Mirror" both from 1932, "Guernica" created in1937, "Dora Maar, Sitting" from 1939 and "Portrait of JR with Roses" painted in 1954.
Sculptures and Ceramics
Picasso's sculptures are just as radical as his cubist paintings. In many of his three-dimensional pieces, Picasso abandons traditional sculpting techniques and used methods such as assemblage and construction. During his early cubist period, Picasso created a few African-inspired masks. The sculpture "Guitar" resembled a cubist painting. Other notable sculptures include "Head of a Woman," " She Goat," "Glass of Absinthe," "Goat Skull and Bottle," and "Head" and "Bull." Picasso used clay, stone, cast metal and sheets of metal to create his sculptures. The artist also created pottery pieces including plates, pots and figurines. Many of the themes and characters found in Picasso's paintings and sculptures are painted on his pottery pieces. Picasso often used ceramic plates and vases as a surface for his paintings, as seen in pieces like "Faun's Head," "Picador" or "Dancers."
Prints and Drawings
Picasso liked to draw from an early age and his drawings showed he mastered the techniques of drawing. The artist used drawings in pencil or ink as a study for many of his paintings and he also created art prints using the intaglio printmaking technique. Picasso particularly favored etching and aquatint to create his prints. Notable prints of Picasso are included in the works entitled "347 Series" and in the "Minotaur" series. Most of Picasso's prints are explicit and present women and animals.
- Justin Sullivan/Getty Images News/Getty Images