How to Make Hunting Weapons

by Jeremiah Blanchard

Humans have been making tools for hunting and self defense for thousands of years. Some of the most primitive weapons, such as spears and atlatls, were made from wood, stone, bone and other readily-available materials. In a survival situation, when finding food is critical, knowing how to make an effective hunting weapon can greatly increase your chances. Two of the easiest hunting weapons to construct are the blowgun and the rabbit stick.

Items you will need

  • Bamboo or river cane
  • Sticks and twigs
  • Fire source
  • Pine pitch or sap
  • Rabbit fur
  • Piece of flat wood
  • Coarse rock or sandpaper
  • Twine or jute
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Blowgun

Step 1

Cut a piece of bamboo or river cane to a length of six to eight feet. Try to find the straightest piece of cane or bamboo possible for the best accuracy. If you cannot find a straight piece, hold the bamboo or cane over a fire and apply pressure to the curves to bend it until it is straight.

Step 2

Find a stick that fits the diameter of the bamboo or river cane. Hold the end of the stick over a fire until the end is red hot.

Step 3

Insert the hot end of the stick into the bamboo. Work the stick through the bamboo from end to end. This action will burn through the joints inside the bamboo, creating a straight bore.

Step 4

Insert a piece of green river cane into the shaft. Push in and pull out several times. This action will get the oils from the fresh cane into the shaft which will lubricate the shaft. If the bamboo or cane isn't straight, hold the bamboo or cane over a fire and apply pressure to the curves to bend it until its straight.

Step 5

Sharpen twigs or pieces of bone if available into dart shapes at least five inches long. Shape the base into a circular shape. Ensure that the dart base is slightly smaller than the diameter of the shaft. This will ensure the darts are small enough to slide freely through the bamboo.

Step 6

Glue a tuft of rabbit fur onto the thick end of the dart base. If no glue is available, use pine pitch or any available tree sap for glue.

Rabbit Stick

Step 1

Look for a flat piece of wood, approximately two to three feet long. Good woods to use are oak, ash, birch and cedar.

Step 2

Sand down the wood to form a wing shape. The wood needs to be slightly curved on one side and straight on the other. If you do not have sandpaper or a knife available, find a coarse rock and a sharp rock and use the rocks to shape the wood.

Step 3

Sand and shape the bottom part of the wood into a round grip to use for a handle. Ensure that the handle diameter fits comfortably into your hand.

Step 4

Apply pine pitch or glue to the handle portion. Wrap twine or jute around the handle and tie it up securely.

Tips & Warnings

  • The rabbit stick is thrown at small game animals, typically aiming at the head. Since the top portion of the stick is flat and wing shaped, it will tumble farther than a regular stick, giving you greater range.
  • Only hunt in areas where it is legal to do so.
  • Use extreme caution when out in the wilderness.

Photo Credits

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