The Beatles are one of the most historically significant examples of musical influence on popular culture. The revolutionary rock 'n' roll band rose to popularity in the 1960s, when the country was in a state of cultural flux. Beatle fandom, also know as Beatlemania, inspired everything from hairstyles to lunch boxes. During the '60s, the Beatles appeared on numerous TV shows and in magazines and movies. The band's catchy tunes, relatively innocent lyrics and high visibility drove the Beatles to unprecedented superstardom.
Beatlemania and the British Invasion
Along with other British bands, such as the Rolling Stones and Herman's Hermits, the Beatles "invaded" the United State's music scene. Later, the style and the lyrics of the Beatles helped lead a cultural and social revolution, but early Beatles songs were about holding hands and dancing. Unlike their British -- and some American -- contemporaries, the Beatles' songs lacked a sexual charge, making the music more accessible to women and more permissible to parents. This made the band extremely pervasive by the time the tone of their songs turned revolutionary.
In 1967, the Beatles released "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band," a record experimenting with musical concepts, style and lyrics. The Beatles band members themselves were experimenting with drugs and new spiritual systems, including Eastern religions and transcendental meditation. In part, the visible drug and spiritual experimentation of the band members helped spur the drug and spiritual popular culture of the 1960s. Called beatniks or hippies, the champions of the culture preached peace, openness, love and more experimentation.
The Rise of Records
While it was likely that many homes already had a record player, youth demand for Beatles records drove record player sales and encouraged manufacturers to innovate. Parents unfamiliar with "the rock 'n' roll music" wouldn't allow children and teens to play Beatles records on the family's living room record players. This led to a rise in popularity of smaller, cheaper record players for the teens' bedrooms -- to keep "that racket" behind closed doors. Teens grew into young adults over the course of the 1960s and began to demand better and better sound quality. The record player manufacturers used recent profits to create technologically advanced, high-fidelity record players.
The End of an Era
The Beatles played their last live concert together in 1969, but the band didn't officially break up until 1975 when band member Paul McCartney announced he was leaving the Beatles. Many speculate that band member John Lennon's close relationship with his girlfriend, Yoko Ono, spurred the breakup. For many members of the 1960s popular culture, the so-called "Peace and Love Era" ended in 1969 and the breakup of the Beatles seemed to confirm that as fact.
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