Live bait is arguably the most effective fishing bait that can be used. A live anchovy, when hooked properly, can swim around and create a commotion while hooked, attracting the attention of nearby predators and luring them in. A properly hooked anchovy can live for an hour or longer while hooked, while a poorly hooked anchovy will either be paralyzed instantly, rendering it useless, or will bleed out and die of shock within minutes.
Grasp the live anchovy's sides firmly.
Insert the fishing hook's tip beneath the anchovy's mouth and pierce it through the fish's bottom lip into and out of the top lip.
Cast the anchovy gently; a strong cast could cause the anchovy to tear free of the hook.
Grasp the anchovy just behind the gills.
Locate the anchovy's spine by rubbing its sides.
Insert the hook directly beneath the spine. Piercing the spine will cause paralysis, while piercing the body too low could result in organ damage and quick death.
Hold the anchovy firmly.
Lift a scale from the middle of the tail using your fingernail.
Insert the hook through the exposed part of the tail and out the other side.
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