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Anyone crabbing or fishing in Maryland is required to obtain a state fishing or crabbing license. Certain groups of people are exempt from the licensing requirement, however, including Maryland residents who are 15 or younger or residents currently on active duty in the military. Otherwise residents and non-residents are required to obtain a license; the license application form can be completed quickly and the fee charged for obtaining a license is minimal.
Shrimp is an effective bait to catch several species of fish, including marlin. For many, fresh shrimp is not readily available and is too expensive to be an option. An effective alternative is to use frozen shrimp, which is less expensive and can be purchased in larger quantities at grocery stores. Properly preparing and baiting the frozen shrimp will ensure that it attracts the fish to your hook.
Slip sinkers come in two basic types: sinkers with holes running through them or sinkers with a ring at the top. Slip sinkers are mainly used for bait fishing when you don't want the fish to feel the resistance of pulling the sinker along. If a fish feels resistance of a fixed sinker on the line, it may drop the bait. When a fish picks up the bait on a slip sinker rig and swims away, the line runs freely through the sinker.
Chum is a catch-all word that refers to any mixture of smelly, gross substances that attract fish for the purpose of fishing. Chum is composed of three substances: the main ingredient, a strong-smelling attractor, and a binder to hold the substance together. Some fish are more attracted to chum than others, particularly catfish, though you can experiment with different ingredients for different types of fish. Making chum can be time-consuming and should be started about 24 hours before your fishing trip.
Bluegill are feisty, fast-growing pan fish often found in large quantities in ponds and lakes. Large bluegill are often called bull gill or slab bluegill, and are ideal for fillets and fish fries. Unfortunately, it's not easy to catch bull gill, as they are often far outnumbered by smaller, faster bluegills that steal your bait. The solution is to use a large hook, such as a No. 6, which is too big for smaller bluegill to bite.
The gar, also known as longnose gar or alligator gar, is a fish found in rivers and lakes in Tennessee. It prefers to spend its time in the backwaters where temperatures run between 80 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Gars are strange-looking fish with a long mouth shaped like a sword. Inside the mouth are rows of sharp teeth. Gar eat mainly at night and their main source of food is small fish. Gar meat has a good flavor but yields a lot of bones.
An arm sling bow -- a slingshot with an arrow-rest attachment -- can be used to catch fish in states that haven't specifically prohibited slingshot bow fishing equipment. Most sling bows aren't manufactured for fishing, and thus do not include a reel attachment for pulling in your catch. You can attach a homemade reel to your sling bow, then use the weapon to bow fish the same way you would a long, recurve, compound or crossbow. You can construct a reel using nearly any material, such as PVC, but a real fishing reel is ideal.
Far different than both recurve and long bows, a compound bow has two stationary limbs that do not bend and a pulley system for drawing the string. You can only restring compound bows using a bow press, a device that slightly compresses the bow's limbs. It allows you to remove the original string from the pulley cables and insert a new one in its place. Attempting to restring the bow without a bow press could result in injury or bow damage.
Wels catfish is a freshwater species found in the muddy waters of lakes and slow-moving streams throughout much of Europe. Wels catfish look very different than other species of catfish -- they have a long, scaleless body, resembling a large eel with a large head and jaws. The fish typically has a dark green body color, with yellow or cream-colored sides. Wels catfish can grow up to 10 ft. in length and weigh up to 330 lbs.
Some anglers like to keep their bait and hook on or near the bottom of the body of water where they are fishing. Some types of fish, such as catfish, feed primarily on the bottom. Some baits or lures simply do not weigh enough to sink down to the bottom and stay there, and this is when it is helpful to use an egg sinker. An egg sinker is an egg-shaped weight that slides over your fishing line, and keeps your lure weighted down.
Missouri is home to many different types of catfish, including blue, channel and flathead. The Missouri River isn't limited to just Missouri, however; this large river spans across multiple states, including Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota and Montana. Though many Missouri River basin lakes and ponds boast varying catfish populations, only the Missouri River itself can lay claim to having produced the Missouri state-record blue catfish. Catfish populations vary depending on seasons and state, but can be found anywhere within the Missouri River.
A sabiki rig is any type of fishing setup composed of multiple fishing hooks. Some sabiki rigs have a plastic circle with multiple hooks around the circumference, and others are a single strand with multiple hooks across its length. You can use sabiki rigs in locations that don't restrict anglers to a single hook. The benefits are obvious: Several hooks allow you to utilize more bait and catch more fish without reeling in as frequently.
Black powder game hunting provides sportsmen with an interesting challenge: making the first shot count. Muzzleloading rifles are historical or historical replicas that are used for black powder hunting. These rifles must be reloaded after each shot, so the expert black powder hunter must know his weapon, his target and his sights before firing. Black powder hunting can help hunters of any skill level work on accuracy and learn more about the mechanics of rifles.
Jerk bait is a type of fishing bait designed to be reeled using quick jerking motions, which causes the lure to move in such a way that it resembles a real fish. Larger fish are attracted to jerk bait due to their realistic motions and are more prone to bite due to the urgency with which the bait is moving; the fish doesn't have time to pause to consider whether or not it wants to bite.
Fishing for albacore tuna is an exhilarating experience for any angler. The high energy level and large size of most albacore makes for a challenging and memorable fishing trip. Albacore are prolific in the Pacific ocean and also frequent the Atlantic in lesser concentrations, meaning that anglers on both coasts can enjoy this hobby. While there are many ways to fish for albacore, the most exciting and rewarding method is the pole method.
Spotted sea trout, more commonly known as speckled trout or specks, flourish in the brackish waters of the Louisiana coastline and in many other parts of the Gulf of Mexico. The fish spawn in the coastal estuary of lakes, marshes and rivers; eventually the fish make their way out to sea. Speckled trout are the most popular saltwater fish sought after by anglers in Louisiana. Fishermen employ their own techniques to catch specks. However, many of these techniques are universal among speckled trout anglers.
While fishermen often target chub for sportfishing, chub minnows are preferred baitfish for landing catfish and walleye. Chub are freshwater fish and members of the carp family, commonly found in streams in Europe and North America. An adult can grow up to 2 feet long and weigh 18 pounds, but the minnows are just the right size for that hungry bottom-feeder you're looking to land. While no hard and fast rules on what type of chub to use exist, fishermen often use the common creek chub.
Salmon roe is made from cured eggs of the female salmon. The female salmon is harvested right before spawning, as this is the time when its egg sac is filled with large, unfertilized eggs. The eggs are cut from the sac, and the remainder of the female fish is processed. You can create salmon roe for fish bait at home by either purchasing the entire female salmon and removing the egg sac or by purchasing the egg sac alone.
Murray cod is the largest freshwater fish found in the waters surrounding Australia. The cod gather most prominently in the southeastern portion of the continent, which is known to locals as a hotspot for recreational fishing. The fish populate the Murray and Darling river systems, which are good places to start if you are looking to fish for Murray cod. Murray cod prefer live bait, such as shrimp, grubs and small fish. Fill your bait bucket with a combination to ensure you are prepared when you head out to fish for cod.
Chatterbaits are the hybrid of jigs, spinnerbaits and crankbaits. Chatterbaits have the skirt of a spinnerbait, the hook of a jig, and the head of a crankbait. The chatterbait is primarily used to catch largemouth and smallmouth bass, but can be used for any fish that feeds from the top of the water, whether in lakes, ponds or streams. You don't have to be a professional fisherman to use a chatterbait. Chatterbaits create a noise through the water when they are reeled in. This noise attracts fish around the area of the bait.