Fishing with a rod and hook has been a cornerstone of human culture dating back to 2000 B.C., according to Old Master 85. Learning how to tie a hook, attach bait and cast a line are the main facets of rod fishing. While fishing is possible with a net, spear and other methods, fishing rods are designed with hand-held features. Rods bend at the end to reduce pressure on the line and drag strength is adjustable to make a fish fight hard and wear itself out before being pulled to shore.
Items you will need
- Fishing rod
Feed line through the eyelets on the fishing rod. Pull the line directly off the reel if you are using a fly rod. Press down and hold firmly on the thumb button to release line tension if you have a spin reel. Release the thumb button once line is properly fed. Allow 3 feet of line to hang off the end of the rod while attaching hooks and bait. Choose line with a test strength between 12 and 24 pounds for standard lake and river fishing. Skip to Step 3 if you have a fly rod.
Attach a bobber and weight. Tie a knot 2 feet above the end of the line. Slip on a plastic bobber up to the where the bobber eyelet is flush with the knot. Tie a second knot to hold the bobber in place. Move down to 6 inches above the end of the line. Secure a fishing weight in the same manner as the bobber. Bobbers give the spin rod fisherman a visual indication of where the line is and if it is moving. Weights allow the bait to sink into the water, keeping the bait off of the surface.
Tie and weight the hook. Slide the end of the line through the hook eyelet. Be careful when handling the hook to avoid cutting yourself on points or barbs. Triple knot the hook for an extra strength hold. Use a No. 6 or No. 8 hook for standard lake and river fishing -- for catching bass or trout, for example.
Bait the hook. Press a live worm or grub through the point of the hook. Secure the bait by looping the body over and pressing it through the hook one or two more times. Remove the hook from Step 3 and replace with an artificial lure if you are using fake bait. Artificial lures are prefabricated with hooks. Skip to Step 6 if you are using a spin rod.
Pull out at least 12 feet of excess line if you are casting a fly rod. Skip to Step 7.
Cast the spin rod. Press your thumb down on the thumb release button. Hold the button in place. Bring the rod back over your shoulder. Firmly fling the end of the rod outward -- toward the water -- and let go of the button at the same time. Watch the line soar through the air and land out in the water. Reel every so often to keep the bait moving and watch the bobber go up and down as an indication that you have a fish fooling with the bait.
Cast the fly rod. Flick the end of the rod over your shoulder with enough pressure to send the 12 foot of excess line flinging backwards. Cast outwards as soon as the tip of the line stretches out straight behind you. Watch the line drape down onto the water surface. Reel the line in slowly until a fish takes bite.
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