Security cameras offer protection in both the private and public sectors. Homeowners with security cameras know that even if a someone breaks into the house, they have the individual caught on camera. Public schools, restaurants, stores, and other places that are open to the public also use cameras to prevent criminal behaviors. Arizona laws on security cameras protect residents and those using the cameras.
Laws relating to security cameras make a clear definition between public and private spaces. Public spaces are those locations open to the general public, while private spaces are homes, apartment complexes, and other places that are primarily available to those living there. According to ESLI Surveillance, a private place is one where people assume that they will not be captured by unauthorized surveillance or caught on camera without their permission.
In the private sector, you are not required to inform anyone that they are being recorded, but it depends on the property. Apartment complexes that have multiple units and more than one person or family may run security cameras in the lobby or shared areas of the building. You are not required to inform guests that they are being filmed, but many landlords use a sign near the camera or front door. The sign informs guests of the cameras and keeps everyone on their best behavior.
Audio and Video
Video recording and audio recording are not considered the same under law. In general, you are not allowed to capture a person's voice on recording, without the consent of the individual. Cameras with audio recording microphones may not be admissible in court because the cameras break the law. Arizona law requires that one person caught on the audio recording be notified prior to the start of filming. Video recording of people working inside the home, including nannies, gardeners, handyman, and nursing assistants or others that work with children or the elderly are allowed to be filmed.
Even though residents are allowed to use security cameras, Arizona law protects those residents by prohibiting the use of cameras in certain locations. Any area where an individual would expect to find privacy, including bathrooms and showers, are off-limits. Homeowners that rent rooms to boarders or lodgers may also be restricted from filming inside the rooms of tenants. The tenants are guaranteed a right to privacy by paying rent and living in the building.
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